Git is a tool to exchange commits (organized into branches) with other developers. As a distributed revision control system, it does not have the notion of a central server. The Sage trac server is just one of many possible remote repositories from your point of view. This lets you use and experiment with different ways to interact with other developers. In this chapter, we describe some common ways to develop for Sage.
For simplicity, let us assume two developers (Alice and Bob) are collaborating on a ticket. The first step of opening the ticket is always the same, and could be performed by either Alice or Bob or a third person.
Alternatively, Bob might want to make some changes himself. Then, instead, we would have
In addition to the user branches (u/<user>/<description> on the Sage trac server with <user> replaced by your trac user name) that only you can write to, you can also create a public branch that everybody with a trac account can write to. These start with public/ plus some description. To avoid branch name collisions it is a good idea to include your trac user name in the branch name, so it is recommended that you use public/<user>/<description> as the branch name. Now all ticket authors push to the same remote branch.
Alice uploads her branch as a public branch to the trac server and fills in the “Branch:” field with her remote branch name public/alice/description.
Bob downloads Alice’s branch and makes changes to his local copy.
Bob commits changes to his local branch of the Sage sources.
Bob uploads his changes to the joint remote repository:
[bob@localhost sage]$ git push trac local_branch:public/alice/description
Alice retrieves Bob’s updates, makes more changes, commits, and pushes them to trac.
Charly reviews the final version, and then sets the ticket to positive review. The “Author:” field is set to Alice’s and Bob’s full name, and the “Reviewer:” field is set to Charly’s full name.
Yet another possible workflow is to use GitHub (or any other third-party git repository) to collaboratively edit your new branch, and only push the result to trac once you and your ticket co-authors are satisfied.
The first step is to create your own fork of the Sage repository; simply click “Fork” on the Sage GitHub repository. Then add it as one of the remotes to your local Sage repository. In the following, we will use the label “github” for this remote repository, though you are of course free to use a different one:
$ git remote add github firstname.lastname@example.org:github_user_name/sage.git $ git remote -v github email@example.com:github_user_name/sage.git (fetch) github firstname.lastname@example.org:github_user_name/sage.git (push) trac email@example.com:sage.git (fetch) trac firstname.lastname@example.org:sage.git (push) $ git fetch github remote: Counting objects: 107, done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (63/63), done. remote: Total 74 (delta 41), reused 40 (delta 10) Unpacking objects: 100% (74/74), done. From github.com:github_user_name/sage * [new branch] master -> github/master
You now use the github repository to develop your ticket branch; First create a new branch:
$ git checkout -b my_branch --track github/master Branch my_branch set up to track remote branch master from github. Switched to a new branch 'my_branch' $ git push github my_branch Total 0 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0) To email@example.com:github_user_name/sage.git * [new branch] my_branch -> my_branch
Because of the --track option, the git pull command will default to downloading your coauthor’s changes from your github branch. Alternatively, you can create a new branch on your fork’s GitHub webpage.
At this point you can use the GitHub workflow that you prefer. In particular, your choices are