Test the doctesting frameworkΒΆ

Many tests (with expected failures or crashes) are run in a subprocess, those tests can be found in the tests/ subdirectory.

EXAMPLES:

sage: import signal
sage: import subprocess
sage: import time
sage: from sage.env import SAGE_SRC
sage: tests_dir = os.path.join(SAGE_SRC, 'sage', 'doctest', 'tests')
sage: tests_env = dict(os.environ)

Unset TERM when running doctests, see trac ticket #14370:

sage: try:
....:     del tests_env['TERM']
....: except KeyError:
....:     pass
sage: kwds = {'cwd': tests_dir, 'env':tests_env}

Check that trac ticket #2235 has been fixed:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t", "--warn-long", "0", "longtime.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 longtime.rst
[0 tests, ...s]
----------------------------------------------------------------------
All tests passed!
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
0
sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t", "--warn-long", "0", "-l", "longtime.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --long --warn-long 0.0 longtime.rst
[1 test, ...s]
----------------------------------------------------------------------
All tests passed!
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
0

Check handling of tolerances:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t", "--warn-long", "0", "tolerance.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 tolerance.rst
**********************************************************************
File "tolerance.rst", line ..., in sage.doctest.tests.tolerance
Failed example:
    print ":-("    # abs tol 0.1
Expected:
    :-)
Got:
    :-(
**********************************************************************
File "tolerance.rst", line ..., in sage.doctest.tests.tolerance
Failed example:
    print "1.0 2.0 3.0"  # abs tol 0.1
Expected:
    4.0 5.0
Got:
    1.0 2.0 3.0
**********************************************************************
File "tolerance.rst", line ..., in sage.doctest.tests.tolerance
Failed example:
    print "Hello"  # abs tol 0.1
Expected:
    1.0
Got:
    Hello
**********************************************************************
File "tolerance.rst", line ..., in sage.doctest.tests.tolerance
Failed example:
    print "1.0"  # abs tol 0.1
Expected:
    Hello
Got:
    1.0
**********************************************************************
File "tolerance.rst", line ..., in sage.doctest.tests.tolerance
Failed example:
    print "Hello 1.1"  # abs tol 0.1
Expected:
    Goodbye 1.0
Got:
    Hello 1.1
**********************************************************************
File "tolerance.rst", line ..., in sage.doctest.tests.tolerance
Failed example:
    print "Hello 1.0"  # rel tol 1e-6
Expected:
    Goodbye 0.999999
Got:
    Hello 1.0
Tolerance exceeded:
    0.999999 vs 1.0, tolerance 1e-06 > 1e-06
**********************************************************************
...
1

Test the --initial option:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t", "--warn-long", "0", "-i", "initial.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 initial.rst
**********************************************************************
File "initial.rst", line 4, in sage.doctest.tests.initial
Failed example:
    a = binomiak(10,5)  # random to test that we still get the exception
Exception raised:
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    ...
    NameError: name 'binomiak' is not defined
**********************************************************************
File "initial.rst", line 14, in sage.doctest.tests.initial
Failed example:
    binomial(10,5)
Expected:
    255
Got:
    252
**********************************************************************
...
----------------------------------------------------------------------
sage -t  --warn-long 0.0 initial.rst  # 5 doctests failed
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
1

Test a timeout using the SAGE_TIMEOUT environment variable:

sage: from copy import deepcopy
sage: kwds2 = deepcopy(kwds)
sage: kwds2['env']['SAGE_TIMEOUT'] = "3"
sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "99seconds.rst"], **kwds2)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 99seconds.rst
    Timed out
**********************************************************************
Tests run before process (pid=...) timed out:
...
----------------------------------------------------------------------
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 99seconds.rst  # Timed out
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
4

Test handling of KeyboardInterrupt in doctests:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "keyboardinterrupt.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 keyboardinterrupt.rst
**********************************************************************
File "keyboardinterrupt.rst", line 11, in sage.doctest.tests.keyboardinterrupt
Failed example:
    raise KeyboardInterrupt
Exception raised:
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    ...
    KeyboardInterrupt
**********************************************************************
...
----------------------------------------------------------------------
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 keyboardinterrupt.rst  # 1 doctest failed
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
1

Interrupt the doctester:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "interrupt.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 interrupt.rst
Killing test interrupt.rst
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Doctests interrupted: 0/1 files tested
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
128

Interrupt the doctester (while parallel testing) when a doctest cannot be interrupted. We also test that passing a ridiculous number of threads doesn’t hurt:

sage: F = tmp_filename()
sage: from copy import deepcopy
sage: kwds2 = deepcopy(kwds)
sage: kwds2['env']['DOCTEST_TEST_PID_FILE'] = F  # Doctester will write its PID in this file
sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-tp", "1000000", "--timeout=120",  # long time
....:      "--warn-long", "0", "99seconds.rst", "interrupt_diehard.rst"], **kwds2)
Running doctests...
Doctesting 2 files using 1000000 threads.
Killing test 99seconds.rst
Killing test interrupt_diehard.rst
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Doctests interrupted: 0/2 files tested
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
128

Even though the doctester master process has exited, the child process is still alive, but it should be killed automatically in max(20, 120 * 0.05) = 20 seconds:

sage: pid = int(open(F).read())    # long time
sage: time.sleep(2)                # long time
sage: os.kill(pid, signal.SIGHUP)  # long time; 2 seconds passed => still alive
sage: time.sleep(23)               # long time
sage: os.kill(pid, signal.SIGHUP)  # long time; 25 seconds passed => dead
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
OSError: ...

Test a doctest failing with abort():

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "abort.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 abort.rst
    Killed due to abort
**********************************************************************
Tests run before process (pid=...) failed:
...
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Unhandled SIGABRT: An abort() occurred in Sage.
This probably occurred because a *compiled* component of Sage has a bug
in it and is not properly wrapped with sig_on(), sig_off().
Sage will now terminate.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
...
----------------------------------------------------------------------
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 abort.rst  # Killed due to abort
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
16

A different kind of crash:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "fail_and_die.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 fail_and_die.rst
**********************************************************************
File "fail_and_die.rst", line 5, in sage.doctest.tests.fail_and_die
Failed example:
    this_gives_a_NameError
Exception raised:
    Traceback (most recent call last):
    ...
    NameError: name 'this_gives_a_NameError' is not defined
    Killed due to kill signal
**********************************************************************
Tests run before process (pid=...) failed:
...
----------------------------------------------------------------------
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 fail_and_die.rst  # Killed due to kill signal
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
16

Test that sig_on_count is checked correctly:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "sig_on.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 sig_on.rst
**********************************************************************
File "sig_on.rst", line 5, in sage.doctest.tests.sig_on
Failed example:
    sig_on_count()
Expected:
    0
Got:
    1
**********************************************************************
1 item had failures:
   1 of   4 in sage.doctest.tests.sig_on
    [2 tests, 1 failure, ...]
----------------------------------------------------------------------
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 sig_on.rst  # 1 doctest failed
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
1

Test the --debug option:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "--debug", "simple_failure.rst"], stdin=open(os.devnull), **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 simple_failure.rst
**********************************************************************
File "simple_failure.rst", line 7, in sage.doctest.tests.simple_failure
Failed example:
    a * b
Expected:
    20
Got:
    15
**********************************************************************
Previously executed commands:
    s...: a = 3
    s...: b = 5
    s...: a + b
    8
debug:

Returning to doctests...
**********************************************************************
1 item had failures:
   1 of   5 in sage.doctest.tests.simple_failure
    [4 tests, 1 failure, ...]
----------------------------------------------------------------------
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 simple_failure.rst  # 1 doctest failed
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
1

Test running under gdb, without and with a timeout:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "--gdb", "1second.rst"], stdin=open(os.devnull), **kwds)  # long time, optional: gdb
exec gdb ...
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 1second.rst
    [2 tests, ... s]
----------------------------------------------------------------------
All tests passed!
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
0
sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t", "--gdb",  "--warn-long", "0", "-T" "5", "99seconds.rst"], stdin=open(os.devnull), **kwds)  # long time, optional: gdb
exec gdb ...
Running doctests...
    Timed out
4

Test the --show-skipped option:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "--show-skipped", "show_skipped.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests ...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 show_skipped.rst
    1 unlabeled test not run
    2 tests not run due to known bugs
    1 gap test not run
    1 long test not run
    1 other test skipped
    [1 test, ... s]
----------------------------------------------------------------------
All tests passed!
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
0

Optional tests are run correctly:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "--long", "--show-skipped", "--optional=sage,gap", "show_skipped.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests ...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --long --warn-long 0.0 show_skipped.rst
    1 unlabeled test not run
    2 tests not run due to known bugs
    1 other test skipped
    [3 tests, ... s]
----------------------------------------------------------------------
All tests passed!
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
0

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "--long", "--show-skipped", "--optional=gAp", "show_skipped.rst"], **kwds)  # long time
Running doctests ...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --long --warn-long 0.0 show_skipped.rst
    1 unlabeled test not run
    2 tests not run due to known bugs
    1 sage test not run
    1 other test skipped
    [2 tests, ... s]
----------------------------------------------------------------------
All tests passed!
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
0

Test an invalid value for --optional:

sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t",  "--warn-long", "0", "--optional=bad-option", "show_skipped.rst"], **kwds)
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ValueError: invalid optional tag 'bad-option'
1

Test atexit support in the doctesting framework:

sage: F = tmp_filename()
sage: os.path.isfile(F)
True
sage: from copy import deepcopy
sage: kwds2 = deepcopy(kwds)
sage: kwds2['env']['DOCTEST_DELETE_FILE'] = F
sage: subprocess.call(["sage", "-t", "--warn-long", "0", "atexit.rst"], **kwds2)  # long time
Running doctests...
Doctesting 1 file.
sage -t --warn-long 0.0 atexit.rst
    [3 tests, ... s]
----------------------------------------------------------------------
All tests passed!
----------------------------------------------------------------------
...
0
sage: os.path.isfile(F)  # long time
False
sage: try:
....:     os.unlink(F)
....: except OSError:
....:     pass

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